Current issue of Antiquarian Horology

Volume 38, Issue 4, December 2017

The front cover shows a detail of a line engraving, captioned ‘MODERN CHURCH CLOCK’, from Bailey’s Illustrated & Useful Inventions, a catalogue dated c. 1880, now available in a facsimile edition. For more information see the Book reviews section in this issue.
Photo courtesy of Chris McKay

This issue contains the following articles:

Edward East (1602–c. 1695) Part 2 – The Restoration and the latter years of the East business
by Valerie J. Finch, Adrian A. Finch, Anthony W. Finch (pages 478-490)
Summary: This is part two of an article outlining the life and times of Edward East, one of the most recognised clockmaking names of the seventeenth century.
(Part 1 in Antiquarian Horology, September 2017, Volume 38 Issue 3)

The horological trade in Georgian London: evidence from Old Bailey trials
by D. J. Bryden (pages 491-512)
Summary: The Old Bailey has been the Central Criminal Court for London since the seventeenth century. This article offers an analysis of trials between 1715 and 1839 in which London clock and watch trade operatives are named. They appear as victims, as direct or indirect witnesses, or as persons accused of a crime. Many hitherto unrecorded members of the trade are named in these records. Of particular interest are those cases where the evidence sheds light on the practices of the London trade. A two-part appendix (available here for AHS members) provides a by-date summary of those involved, with a brief note on the case.

Edmund Howard (1710–1798): A Quaker Clockmaker in Chelsea
by James Nye (pages 513-532)
Summary: A manuscript autobiography compiled in 1785, which has been widely used by historians but apparently escaped notice by horologists, provides us with a rich account of the life of a struggling Chelsea clockmaker, Edmund Howard—a maker virtually unrecorded in the horological literature. A Quaker, yet with few good words for his fellow Friends, Howard lived a long and fascinating life through the bulk of the eighteenth century. An online transcription of his 24,000 word autobiography is now available, alongside images of the manuscript—see tinyurl.com/edmundhoward—it makes for an extraordinary and worthwhile read. This article offers a distilled and horologically focussed narrative, relying in large part on the original text.

Adam, the Devil and the Supernatural: An unusual English lantern clock revisited
by John A. Robey (pages 533-544)
Summary: The unusual lantern clock, previously described in Antiquarian Horology, September 2010, with unique pillars that include a male figure wearing breeches, has been re-examined. He has now been identified as representing a Puritan image of Adam. Comparisons are made with other depictions of Adam in a similar pose, but this is the only known example of him wearing breeches, as mistranslated in the Breeches Bible. An apotropaic saltire cross was included to ward off witches and prevent evil spirits from causing malfunction, while a Devil’s head was a reminder of his evil influence. Examples of other apotropaic marks on the ironwork of lantern clocks are also discussed, as are its possible date, origin and the wigglework on the dial. Read this article here.

Carriage clocks with a unique winding system: the bottom-wind
by Thomas R. Wotruba (pages 545-553)
Summary: A unique winding method for carriage clocks appeared toward the end of the nineteenth century whereby a permanent single key in the base at the bottom of the clock wound in turn both the time side and the strike side barrels. This article describes this ‘bottom-wind’ mechanism and its underlying British patent, and gives some information about its inventor and the carriage clocks of Le Roy & Fils to which it was applied.

The issue totals 144 pages and is illustrated mainly in colour, and is completed by the regular sections Horological News, Book Reviews, AHS Programme and Calendar, AHS News, Letters to the Editor and Further Reading.